The African penguin, also known as the jackass penguin and the black penguin, this species of penguin, is limited to South African waters.
Male and female penguins look almost identical. It is very difficult to tell the sex of a penguin without performing a genetic test.
African penguins are currently considered vulnerable to extinction. Oil discharges pose a major threat to their survival. In the past, killing penguins and collecting their eggs for food had devastating consequences for the penguin population.